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Anadolu Kardiyol Derg. 2014 May;14(3):244-50. doi: 10.5152/akd.2014.4730. Epub 2014 Jan 10.

Beta-myosin heavy-chain mutations R403QLW, V606M, K615N and R663H in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

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Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University; İzmir-Turkey.



Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease of the myocardium with an autosomal-dominant pattern of inheritance mainly caused by single heterozygous mutations in sarcomere genes. In this study we aimed to detect the presence of R403QLW, V606M, K615N, and R663H mutations in beta-myosin heavy-chain gene (MYH7) and figure out the genotype-phenotype correlations in Turkish patients with HCM.


This case-control study based on genotype-phenotype correlation included 69 patients (mean age, years: 50±13.16) diagnosed with HCM constituting the study group and 50 healthy individuals (mean age, years: 52±1.4) constituting the control group. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and the genotyping of mutations was performed by real-time PCR technique and high resolution melting analysis. Associations between categoric variables were determined using chi-square tests. Differences between two groups were compared with unpaired Student's t-test for continuous variables.


None of the patients in the HCM group were carrying the index mutations. One healthy individual was found to be heterozygous for the R663H mutation with mildly abnormal IVS and LVPW thickness. The allele frequency for R663H (G>A) mutation was found to be 0.01% in control group.


We performed a mutational screening of 6 HCM-associated mutations in 69 Turkish HCM patients (not previously studied except R403Q). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of the mutations between the patients with HCM and the healthy controls (p>0.05).

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