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Nutrients. 2014 Feb 21;6(2):897-910. doi: 10.3390/nu6020897.

Meat consumption as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, The George Washington University School of Medicine, 5100 Wisconsin Ave NW, Washington, DC 20016, USA. nbarnard@pcrm.org.
2
Nutrition Education, Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, 5100 Wisconsin Ave NW, Washington, DC 20016, USA. slevin@pcrm.org.
3
Nutrition Education, Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, 5100 Wisconsin Ave NW, Washington, DC 20016, USA. ctrapp@pcrm.org.

Erratum in

  • Nutrients. 2014;6(3):1181.
  • Nutrients. 2014;6(10):4317-9.

Abstract

Disease risk factors identified in epidemiological studies serve as important public health tools, helping clinicians identify individuals who may benefit from more aggressive screening or risk-modification procedures, allowing policymakers to prioritize intervention programs, and encouraging at-risk individuals to modify behavior and improve their health. These factors have been based primarily on evidence from cross-sectional and prospective studies, as most do not lend themselves to randomized trials. While some risk factors are not modifiable, eating habits are subject to change through both individual action and broader policy initiatives. Meat consumption has been frequently investigated as a variable associated with diabetes risk, but it has not yet been described as a diabetes risk factor. In this article, we evaluate the evidence supporting the use of meat consumption as a clinically useful risk factor for type 2 diabetes, based on studies evaluating the risks associated with meat consumption as a categorical dietary characteristic (i.e., meat consumption versus no meat consumption), as a scalar variable (i.e., gradations of meat consumption), or as part of a broader dietary pattern.

PMID:
24566443
PMCID:
PMC3942738
DOI:
10.3390/nu6020897
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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