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BMC Public Health. 2013;13 Suppl 3:S25. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-S3-S25. Epub 2013 Sep 17.

Estimating the child health equity potential of improved sanitation in Nepal.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Access to improved sanitation plays an important role in child health through its impact on diarrheal mortality and malnutrition. Inequities in sanitation coverage translate into health inequities across socio-economic groups. This paper presents the differential impact on child mortality and diarrheal incidence of expanding sanitation coverage across wealth quintiles in Nepal.

METHODS:

We modeled three scale up coverage scenarios at the national level and at each of the 5 wealth quintiles for improved sanitation in Nepal in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST): equal for all quintiles, realistically pro-poor and ambitiously pro-poor.

RESULTS:

The results show that equal improvement in sanitation coverage can save a total of 226 lives (10.7% of expected diarrhea deaths), while a realistically pro-poor program can save 451 child lives (20.5%) and the ambitiously pro-poor program can save 542 lives (24.6%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Pro-poor policies for expanding sanitation coverage have the ability to reduce population level health inequalities which can translate into reduced child diarrheal mortality.

PMID:
24564298
PMCID:
PMC3847615
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2458-13-S3-S25
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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