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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2014;773:471-90. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4899-8032-8_21.

Nuclear envelope in nuclear positioning and cell migration.

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Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Ave, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA,


Hauling and anchoring the nucleus within immobile or motile cells, tissues, and/or syncytia represents a major challenge. In the past 15 years, Linkers of the Nucleoskeleton to the Cytoskeleton (LINC complexes) have emerged as evolutionary-conserved molecular devices that span the nuclear envelope and provide interacting interfaces for cytoskeletal networks and molecular motors to the nuclear envelope. Here, we review the molecular composition of LINC complexes and focus on how their genetic alteration in vivo has provided a wealth of information related to the relevance of nuclear positioning during tissue development and homeostasis with a special emphasis on the central nervous system. As it may be relevant for metastasis in a range of cancers, the involvement of LINC complexes in migration of nonneuronal cells via its interaction with the perinuclear actin cap will also be developed.

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