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Nanoscale. 2014 Apr 7;6(7):3626-31. doi: 10.1039/c3nr06675d.

Three-dimensional metal/oxide nanocone arrays for high-performance electrochemical pseudocapacitors.

Author information

1
Nano Science and Technology Program, Department of Chemistry, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, P. R. China. ygzhang2012@sinano.ac.cn eezfan@ust.hk chsyang@ust.hk.

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) electrodes are critical for enabling high-performance power sources. We report here on the design and fabrication, by combining imprint and soft-printing technologies, of 3D nanocone arrays as a novel platform for high performance pseudocapacitors. Such purpose-built 3D nanocone arrays have the advantages of simplicity/versatility/reliability of fabrication, generality to a vast range of active materials, high electrode surface area, and ease of electrolyte permeation. As a demonstration of principle, Au and MnO2 were sequentially deposited forming a 3D Au/MnOx nanocone array electrode for a pseudocapacitor device. This device achieved a specific mass (areal) capacitance of 840.3 F g(-1) (88.2 mF cm(-2)) at a current density of 2 A g(-1). Additionally, the asymmetric supercapacitor using the Au/MnOx nanocone array as the positive electrode and a carbon-based material as the negative electrode achieved a capacitance of 108.5 F g(-1) at a current density of 1 A g(-1), corresponding to an energy density of as high as 46.8 W h kg(-1) at a power density of 0.72 kW kg(-1). The cell still preserved 96.5% of the initial capacitance even after 2000 cycles at a current density of 2 A g(-1). The initial result is at least on a par with those of the best asymmetric supercapacitors reported so far, and thus bolsters the development value of the conductive nanocone arrays for high-performance supercapacitors and other energy-storage devices.

PMID:
24562413
DOI:
10.1039/c3nr06675d

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