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Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2014 May;48:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2014.02.003. Epub 2014 Feb 20.

The progress and future of enhancing antiviral capacity by transgenic technology in the silkworm Bombyx mori.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, PR China. Electronic address: jiangliang@swu.edu.cn.
2
State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, PR China. Electronic address: xiaqy@swu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Bombyx mori is a common lepidopteran model and an important economic insect for silk production. B. mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) is a typical pathogenic baculovirus that causes serious economic losses in sericulture. B. mori and BmNPV are a model of insect host and pathogen interaction including invasion of the host by the pathogen, host response, and enhancement of host resistance. The antiviral capacity of silkworms can be improved by transgenic technology such as overexpression of an endogenous or exogenous antiviral gene, RNA interference of the BmNPV gene, or regulation of the immune pathway to inhibit BmNPV at different stages of infection. Antiviral capacity could be further increased by combining different methods. We discuss the future of an antiviral strategy in silkworm, including possible improvement of anti-BmNPV, the feasibility of constructing transgenic silkworms with resistance to multiple viruses, and the safety of transgenic silkworms. The silkworm model could provide a reference for disease control in other organisms.

KEYWORDS:

Antivirus; Commercial; Safety; Silkworm; Transgenic

PMID:
24561307
DOI:
10.1016/j.ibmb.2014.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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