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Med Intensiva. 2015 Mar;39(2):68-75. doi: 10.1016/j.medin.2013.12.004. Epub 2014 Feb 21.

Regional oxygen saturation index (rSO2) in brachioradialis and deltoid muscle. Correlation and prognosis in patients with respiratory sepsis.

Author information

1
Critical Care Department, Hospital Universitario de Tarragona Joan XXIII, Tarragona, Spain; Institut d'Investigació Sanitaria Pere Virgili, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Bunyola, Mallorca, Spain. Electronic address: ahr1161@yahoo.es.
2
Critical Care Department, Hospital Universitario de Tarragona Joan XXIII, Tarragona, Spain.
3
Critical Care Department, Hospital Universitario de Tarragona Joan XXIII, Tarragona, Spain; Institut d'Investigació Sanitaria Pere Virgili, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Bunyola, Mallorca, Spain.
4
Critical Care Department, Hospital Universitario de Tarragona Joan XXIII, Tarragona, Spain; Institut d'Investigació Sanitaria Pere Virgili, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain.
5
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Bunyola, Mallorca, Spain; Department of CEXS, UPF, Servicio de Neumología, Hospital del Mar-IMIM, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare oxygen saturation index (rSO2) obtained simultaneously in two different brachial muscles.

DESIGN:

Prospective and observational study.

SETTING:

Intensive care unit.

PATIENTS:

Critically ill patients with community-acquired pneumonia.

INTERVENTIONS:

Two probes of NIRS device (INVOS 5100) were simultaneously placed on the brachioradialis (BR) and deltoid (D) muscles.

VARIABLES:

rSO2 measurements were recorded at baseline (ICU admission) and at 24h. Demographic and clinical variables were registered. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to assess the association between continuous variables. The consistency of the correlation was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman plot. The predictive value of the rSO2 for mortality was calculated by ROC curve.

RESULTS:

Nineteen patients were included with an ICU mortality of 21.1%. The rSO2 values at baseline and at 24h were significantly higher in D than in BR muscle. Values obtained simultaneously in both limbs showed a strong correlation and adequate consistency: BR (r=0.95; p<0.001; ICC=0.94; 95% CI: 0.90-0.96; p<0.001), D (r=0.88; p=0.01; ICC=0.88; 95% CI: 0.80-0.90; p>0.001) but a wide limit of agreement. Non-survivors had rSO2 values significantly lower than survivors at all times of the study. No patient with rSO2 >60% in BR died, and only 17.6% died with an rSO2 value >60% in D. Both muscles showed consistent discriminatory power for mortality.

CONCLUSION:

Both BR and D muscles were appropriate for measuring rSO2.

KEYWORDS:

Community-acquired pneumonia; Espectroscopia cercana al infrarrojo; Microcirculación; Microcirculation; Near-infrared; Neumonía comunitaria; Oxigenación tisular; Spectroscopy; Tissue oxygenation

PMID:
24561087
DOI:
10.1016/j.medin.2013.12.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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