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J Pediatr Urol. 2014 Jun;10(3):441-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2014.01.003. Epub 2014 Feb 5.

A 20-year study of persistence of lower urinary tract symptoms and urinary incontinence in young women treated in childhood.

Author information

  • 1School of Nursing, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy.
  • 2Urology, Robotic Surgery and Urodynamic Unit, Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital Bambino Gesú, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: mluisa.capitanucci@opbg.net.
  • 3Urology, Robotic Surgery and Urodynamic Unit, Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital Bambino Gesú, Rome, Italy.
  • 4Department of Urology, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether urinary incontinence (UI) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) persist over years, patients treated for UI and LUTS in childhood were re-evaluated in adulthood.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Forty-seven women (cases) treated in childhood for daytime UI/LUTS (group A) and nocturnal enuresis (group B) self-completed (average age: 24.89 ± 3.5 years) the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire for Female with LUTS (ICIQ-FLUTS). ICIQ-FLUTS was self-administered to 111 healthy women (average age: 23 ± 5.1 years) from a nursing school as a control group. Data obtained from ICIQ-FLUTS and quality of life (QoL) score (0-10) were compared (Fisher's exact test) between patients and controls, and between group A (n = 28) and group B (n = 19).

RESULTS:

Prevalence of LUTS was higher in patients than in controls. The difference between patients and controls was statistically significant (p = 0.0001) for UI (34% vs. 7%) and feeling of incomplete bladder emptying (49% vs. 28%). QoL score was >5 in 59% of patients and 1% of controls (p = 0.0001). No significant differences were found between groups A and B.

CONCLUSIONS:

UI and LUTS are confirmed in young women who suffered for the same condition in childhood. Longitudinal studies are needed to assess if these symptoms persist or are newly onset.

KEYWORDS:

Lower urinary tract dysfunction; Lower urinary tract symptoms; Urinary incontinence

PMID:
24560802
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpurol.2014.01.003
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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