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PLoS One. 2014 Feb 18;9(2):e88639. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088639. eCollection 2014.

Reduction of death rate due to acute myocardial infarction in subjects with cancers through systemic restoration of impaired nitric oxide.

Author information

1
Sinha Institute of Medical Science and Technology, Kolkata, India.
2
Royal Hobart Hospital, University of Tasmania, Australia.
3
Kalyani Gandhi Memorial Hospital, West Bengal, India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Excessive aggregation of platelets at the site of plaque rupture on the coronary artery led to the formation of thrombus which is reported to precipitate acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Nitric oxide (NO) has been reported to inhibit platelet aggregation and induce thrombolysis through the in situ formation of plasmin. As the plasma NO level in AMI patients from two different ethnic groups was reduced to 0 µM (median) compared to 4.0 µM (median) in normal controls, the effect of restoration of the NO level to normal ranges on the rate of death due to AMI was determined.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

The restoration of plasma NO level was achieved by a sticking small cotton pad (10×25 mm) containing 0.28 mmol sodium nitroprusside (SNP) in 0.9% NaCl to the abdominal skin of the participants using non-toxic adhesive tape which was reported to normalize the plasma NO level. The participants (8,283) were volunteers in an independent study who had different kinds of cancers and did not wish to use any conventional therapy for their condition but opted to receive SNP "pad" for their condition for 3 years. The use of SNP "pad" which normalized (≈4.0 µM) the plasma NO level that in consequence reduced the death rate due to AMI, among the participants, was found to be significantly reduced compared to the death due to AMI in normal population.

CONCLUSION:

Our data suggested that the use of SNP "pad" significantly reduced the death due to AMI.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

www.ctri.nic.in CTRI/2013/12/004236.

PMID:
24558405
PMCID:
PMC3928291
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0088639
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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