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Am J Sports Med. 2014 Apr;42(4):812-9. doi: 10.1177/0363546514522395. Epub 2014 Feb 20.

The acetabular labrum regulates fluid circulation of the hip joint during functional activities.

Author information

1
Philip C. Noble, Institute of Orthopedic Research and Education, 6550 Fannin Street, Suite 2512, Houston, TX 77030, USA. pnoble@bcm.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

An assessment of the effect of surgical repair or reconstruction on the function of the hip labrum is critical to the advancement of hip preservation surgery; however, validated models of the hip that allow the quantification of labral function in functional joint positions have yet to be developed.

PURPOSE:

To evaluate (1) whether intra-articular pressures within the hip are regulated by fluid transport between the labrum and femoral head and (2) whether the sealing capacity of the labrum varies with joint posture.

STUDY DESIGN:

Descriptive laboratory study.

METHODS:

The sealing ability of the hip labrum was measured during fluid infusion into the central compartments of 8 cadaveric specimens. Additionally, the pathway of fluid transfer from the central to the peripheral compartment was assessed via direct visualization in 3 specimens. The effect of joint posture on the sealing capacity of the labrum was determined by placing all 8 specimens in 10 functional postures. The relationship between pressure resistance and 3-dimensional motion of the femoral head within the acetabulum was quantified using motion analysis and computer modeling.

RESULTS:

Resistance to fluid transport from the central compartment of the hip was directly controlled by the labrum during loading. Maximum pressure resistance was affected by joint posture (P = .001). Specifically, positions that increased external rotation of the joint (pivoting) provided an improved seal, while positions that increased flexion combined with internal rotation (stooping) augmented the ease of fluid transport from the central to the peripheral compartment. Maximum pressure resistance was associated with the distance between the labrum and femoral head during pivoting.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrated that the transfer of fluid from the central compartment of the hip occurs at the junction of the labrum and femoral head. Joint position was shown to strongly affect the sealing function of the labrum and was attributable to the distance between the labrum and femoral head in certain positions.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

Altering the relationship between the labrum and femoral head may disrupt the sealing ability of the labrum, potentially leaving the joint at risk for pathological changes with time.

KEYWORDS:

acetabular labrum; hip joint; intra-articular pressure

PMID:
24557859
DOI:
10.1177/0363546514522395
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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