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Nat Prod Commun. 2013 Dec;8(12):1777-84.

Bioactivities and compositional analyses of Cinnamomum essential oils from Nepal: C. camphora, C. tamala, and C. glaucescens.

Author information

1
Department ofChemistry, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA.
2
Department of Chemistry, Tribhuvan University, MMAMC Campus, Biratnagar, Nepal.
3
National Herbarium and Plant Laboratories, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Abstract

This work examines the biological activity of essential oils of Cinnamomum camphora leaves, C. glaucescens fruit, and C. tamala root from Nepal. The oils were screened for phytotoxic activity against lettuce and perennial ryegrass, brine shrimp lethality, and antibacterial, antifungal, cytotoxic, insecticidal, and nematicidal activities. C. camphora leaf essential oil was phytotoxic to lettuce, antifungal to Aspergillus niger, and insecticidal, particularly toward midge and butterfly larvae, fruit flies, and fire ants. C. camphora oil was also toxic to brine shrimp and human breast tumor cells. C. glaucescens fruit essential oil showed notable nematicidal activity, as well as termiticidal and mosquito larvicidal activity. The root essential oil of C. tamala was toxic to mosquito larvae and fire ants.

PMID:
24555298
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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