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Cell Tissue Res. 2014 Aug;357(2):427-38. doi: 10.1007/s00441-014-1798-8. Epub 2014 Feb 20.

Network-wide dysregulation of calcium homeostasis in Alzheimer's disease.

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Institute of Physiology II, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Keplerstrasse 15, 72074, Tübingen, Germany.


Dysregulation of intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis has been proposed as a common proximal cause of neural dysfunction during aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this context, aberrant Ca(2+) signaling has been viewed as a neuronal phenomenon mostly related to the dysfunction of intracellular Ca(2+) stores. However, recent data suggest that, in AD, Ca(2+) dyshomeostasis is not restricted to neurons but represents a global phenomenon affecting virtually all cells in the brain. AD-related aberrant Ca(2+) signaling in astrocytes and microglia, which is activated during the disease, probably contributes profoundly to an inflammatory response that, in turn, impacts neuronal Ca(2+) homeostasis and brain function. Based on recent data obtained in vivo and in vitro, we propose that bidirectional interactions between the inflammatory responses of glial cells and aberrant Ca(2+) signaling represent a vicious cycle accelerating disease progression.

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