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Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2014 Jan-Feb;22(1):100-7. doi: 10.1590/0104-1169.3189.2398.

Human papillomavirus detection in cervical scrapes from women attended in the Family Health Program.

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Secretaria de Estado de Saúde e Defesa Civil do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Hospital Estadual Alberto Torres, Rio de JaneiroRJ, Brazil, MSc, RN, Hospital Estadual Alberto Torres, Secretaria de Estado de Saúde e Defesa Civil do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
  • 2Universidade Federal Fluminense, NiteróiRJ, Brasil, Doctoral student, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, Brasil.
  • 3Universidade Federal Fluminense, Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, NiteróiRJ, Brazil, PhD, Full Professor, Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

to survey the prevalence of human papillomavirus, associated risk factors and genotype distribution in women who were referred to cervical cancer screening when attended in a Family Health Program.

METHOD:

we conducted a cross-sectional survey, investigating 351 women. Polymerase chain reaction for DNA amplification and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis were used to detect and typify the papillomavirus.

RESULTS:

virus infection was detected in 8.8% of the samples. Among the 21 different genotypes identified in this study, 14 were high risk for cervical cancer, and the type 16 was the most prevalent type. The infection was associated with women who had non-stable sexual partners. Low risk types were associated with younger women, while the high risk group was linked to altered cytology.

CONCLUSION:

in this sample attended a Family Health Program, we found a low rate of papillomavirus infection. Virus frequency was associated to sexual behavior. However, the broad range of genotypes detected deserves attention regarding the vaccine coverage, which includes only HPV prevalent types.

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