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Biomacromolecules. 2014 Apr 14;15(4):1204-15. doi: 10.1021/bm401779r. Epub 2014 Mar 10.

Monolithic silica rods grafted with thermoresponsive anionic polymer brushes for high-speed separation of basic biomolecules and peptides.

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Institute of Advanced Biomedical Engineering and Science, Tokyo Women's Medical University , TWIns, 8-1 Kawadacho, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan.


Thermoresponsive anionic copolymer brushes, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid-co-tert-butylacrylamide) [P(IPAAm-co-AAc-co-tBAAm)], were grafted onto a monolithic silica rod column through surface-initiated atom-transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) to prepare an effective thermoresponsive anionic chromatography matrix. An ATRP initiator was attached to the rod surface. N-Isopropylacrylamide (IPAAm), tert-butyl acrylate (tBA), tert-butylacrylamide (tBAAm), and the ATRP catalyst CuCl/CuCl2/tris[2-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl]amine were dissolved in 2-propanol, and the reaction mixture was pumped into the initiator-modified column. After grafting P(IPAAm-co-tBA-co-tBAAm) on the monolithic silica surfaces, deprotection of the tert-butyl group of tBA was performed. Chromatographic analysis showed that the prepared column was able to separate catecholamine derivatives and angiotensin subtypes within a shorter analysis time (5 min) than a silica-bead-packed column modified with the same copolymer brush could. These results indicated that the prepared copolymer-modified monolithic silica rod column may be a promising bioanalytical and bioseparation tool for rapid analysis of basic bioactive compounds and peptides.

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