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J Autism Dev Disord. 2014 Aug;44(8):1908-17. doi: 10.1007/s10803-014-2064-3.

Examination of bidirectional relationships between parent stress and two types of problem behavior in children with autism spectrum disorder.

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School of Education, Tel Aviv University, P.O. Box 39040, 6997801, Tel Aviv, Israel,


Path analysis within a structural equation modeling framework was employed to examine the relationships between two types of parent stress and children's externalizing and internalizing behaviors over a 4-year period, in a sample of 184 mothers of young children with autism spectrum disorder. Parent stress was measured with the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form and child behavior was measured with Child Behavior Checklist/1.5-5. Across all time points, parent general distress predicted both types of child behaviors, but not vice versa. In addition, there was modest evidence of a bidirectional relationship between parenting distress and both types of child behaviors from 12 months post-diagnosis to age 6. Results are compared to previous work in this area, with implications for early intervention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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