Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Behav Med. 2014 Oct;48(2):145-55. doi: 10.1007/s12160-013-9585-4.

Diabetes burden and diabetes distress: the buffering effect of social support.

Author information

1
Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Yeshiva University, Rousso Building, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Few studies have examined protective factors for diabetes distress.

PURPOSE:

This study aimed to examine the moderating role of social support in the relationship between the burden of diabetes and diabetes distress.

METHODS:

Adults with type 2 diabetes (N = 119; 29 % Latino, 61 % Black, 25 % White) completed validated measures of diabetes distress and social support. Multiple linear regression evaluated the moderating role of social support in the relationship between diabetes burden, indicated by prescription of insulin and presence of complications, and distress.

RESULTS:

Greater support satisfaction was significantly associated with lower distress after controlling for burden. Support satisfaction and number of supports significantly moderated the relationship between diabetes burden and distress. Post hoc probing revealed a consistent pattern: Insulin was significantly associated with more diabetes distress at low levels of support but was not at high levels of support.

CONCLUSION:

Findings support the stress-buffering hypothesis and suggest that social support may protect against diabetes distress.

PMID:
24550072
PMCID:
PMC4249652
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-013-9585-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center