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Cell Biochem Biophys. 2014 Jul;69(3):641-7. doi: 10.1007/s12013-014-9846-2.

siRNA combinations mediate greater suppression of hepatitis B virus replication in mice.

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1
Department of Clinical Laboratory, the Affiliated First Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, 150001, China.

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major world-wide health problem. The major obstacles for current anti-HBV therapy are the low efficacy and the occurrence of drug resistant HBV mutations. Recent studies have demonstrated that combination therapy can enhance antiviral efficacy and overcome shortcomings of established drugs. In this study, the inhibitory effect mediated by combination of siRNAs targeting different sites of HBV in transgenic mice was analyzed. HBsAg and HBeAg in the sera of the mice were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay, HBV DNA by real-time PCR and HBV mRNA by RT-PCR. Our data demonstrated that all the three siRNAs employed showed marked anti-HBV effects. The expression of HBsAg and the replication of HBV DNA could be specifically inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by siRNAs. Furthermore, combination of siRNAs compared with individual use of each siRNA, exerted a stronger inhibition on antigen expression and viral replication, even though the final concentration of siRNA used for therapy was the same. Secreted HBsAg and HBeAg in the serum of mice treated with siRNA combination were reduced by 96.7 and 96.6 %, respectively. Immunohistochemical detection of liver tissue revealed 91 % reduction of HBsAg-positive cells in the combination therapy group. The combination of siRNAs caused a greater inhibition in the levels of viral mRNA and DNA (90 and 87.7 %) relative to the control group. It was noted that the siRNA3 showed stronger inhibition of cccDNA (78.6 %). Our results revealed that combination of siRNAs mediated a stronger inhibition of viral replication and antigen expression in transgenic mice than single siRNAs.

PMID:
24549857
DOI:
10.1007/s12013-014-9846-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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