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Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2014 Jun;163:3-13. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpc.2014.02.003. Epub 2014 Feb 15.

Induced pluripotent stem cell technology and aquatic animal species.

Author information

1
Marine Biomedicine and Environmental Science Program, Medical University of South Carolina, Hollings Marine Laboratory, Charleston, SC 29412, USA.
2
Marine Biomedicine and Environmental Science Program, Medical University of South Carolina, Hollings Marine Laboratory, Charleston, SC 29412, USA; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. Electronic address: spyropdd@musc.edu.

Abstract

Aquatic animal species are the overall leaders in the scientific investigation of tough but important global health issues, including environmental toxicants and climate change. Historically, aquatic animal species also stand at the forefront of experimental biology, embryology and stem cell research. Over the past decade, intensive and high-powered investigations principally involving mouse and human cells have brought the generation and study of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to a level that facilitates widespread use in a spectrum of species. A review of key features of these investigations is presented here as a primer for the use of iPSC technology to enhance ongoing aquatic animal species studies. iPSC and other cutting edge technologies create the potential to study individuals from "the wild" closer to the level of investigation applied to sophisticated inbred mouse models. A wide variety of surveys and hypothesis-driven investigations can be envisioned using this new capability, including comparisons of organism-specific development and exposure response and the testing of fundamental dogmas established using inbred mice. However, with these new capabilities, also come new criteria for rigorous baseline assessments and testing. Both the methods for inducing pluripotency and the source material can negatively impact iPSC quality and bourgeoning applications. Therefore, more rigorous strategies not required for inbred mouse models will have to be implemented to approach global health issues using individuals from "the wild" for aquatic animal species.

KEYWORDS:

Aquatic animal; Genetics; Induced pluripotent; Review; Stem cells; Transgenerational epigenetics

PMID:
24548888
DOI:
10.1016/j.cbpc.2014.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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