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Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol. 2014 May-Jun;49(3):115-20. doi: 10.1016/j.regg.2013.12.002. Epub 2014 Feb 16.

[The effect of 24 weeks of moderate-to-high intensity strength training on the elderly].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Departamento de Ciencias de la Actividad Física,Universidad de Vic, Vic, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: marta.sola@uvic.cat.
2
Departamento de Ciencias de la Actividad Física,Universidad de Vic, Vic, Barcelona, España.
3
Servei d'Estadística Aplicada, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, España.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Strength programs have been seen to be useful in minimizing the effects of sarcopenia, although intervention protocols may vary in their content and characteristics. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the influence of a particular strength protocol for the elderly.

MATERIAL ANS METHODS:

A total of 35 individuals took part in the study, with 18 in the exercise group (4 men and 14 women), and 17 in the control group (4 men and 13 women). The average age was 73. The exercise group carried out a strength training program at moderate to high intensity over 24 weeks. Strength was evaluated using the chair stand test, 2-minute step and 2 vertical jumps-squat jump (SJ), and countermovement jump (CMJ). Falls in both groups were also compared before and after the intervention, as well as their relationship with the chair stand variable.

RESULTS:

A tendency towards improvement was observed in all tests, with the exception of CMJ; while the control group showed a tendency in the opposite direction. Contrast between the two groups at the end of the intervention was notable in all the tests. An inverse relationship between the chair stand strength variable and the number of falls was evident.

CONCLUSIONS:

According to the results achieved, the training was perceived to exercise a positive influence on both the strength of the elderly people and a reduction of the number of falls. The gap between the two groups widened towards the end of the intervention.

KEYWORDS:

Actividad física; Ancianos; Elderly; Entrenamiento; Fuerza; Physical activity; Strength; Training

PMID:
24548524
DOI:
10.1016/j.regg.2013.12.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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