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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014 Mar 12;6(5):3150-5. doi: 10.1021/am403971x. Epub 2014 Feb 28.

Enhanced device performance of germanium nanowire junctionless (GeNW-JL) MOSFETs by germanide contact formation with Ar plasma treatment.

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Department of Electrical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) , 373-1 Guseong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea.


In this study, germanium nanowire junctionless (GeNW-JL) metal-oxide-semiconductor-field-effect-transistors (MOSFETs) exhibited enhanced electrical performance with low source/drain (S/D) contact resistance under the influence of Ar plasma treatment on the contact regions. We found that the transformation of the surface oxide states by Ar plasma treatment affected the S/D contact resistance. With Ar plasma treatment, the germanium dioxide on the GeNW surface was effectively removed and increased oxygen vacancies were formed in the suboxide on the GeNW, whose germanium-enrichment surface was obtained to form a germanide contact at low temperature. After a rapid thermal annealing process, Ni-germanide contacts were formed on the Ar-plasma-treated GeNW surface. Ni-germanide contact resistance was improved by more than an order of magnitude compared to that of the other devices without Ni-germanide contact. Moreover, the peak field effect mobility value of the GeNW-JL MOSFETs was dramatically improved from 15 cm(2)/(V s) to 550 cm(2)/(V s), and the Ion/off ratio was enhanced from 1 × 10 to 3 × 10(3) due to Ar plasma treatment. The Ar plasma treatment process is essential for forming uniform Ni-germanide-contacts with reduced time and low temperature. It is also crucial for increasing mass productivity and lowering the thermal budget without sacrificing the performance of GeNW-JL MOSFETs.

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