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Nano Lett. 2014 Mar 12;14(3):1394-9. doi: 10.1021/nl4044482. Epub 2014 Feb 21.

Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation.

Author information

1
Interdisciplinary Materials Science Program and ‡Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University , Nashville, Tennessee 37212, United States.

Abstract

Plasmonic metasurfaces have recently attracted much attention due to their ability to abruptly change the phase of light, allowing subwavelength optical elements for polarization and wavefront control. However, most previously demonstrated metasurface designs suffer from low coupling efficiency and are based on metallic resonators, leading to ohmic loss. Here, we present an alternative approach to plasmonic metasurfaces by replacing the metallic resonators with high-refractive-index silicon cut-wires in combination with a silver ground plane. We experimentally demonstrate that this meta-reflectarray can be used to realize linear polarization conversion with more than 98% conversion efficiency over a 200 nm bandwidth in the short-wavelength infrared band. We also demonstrate optical vortex beam generation using a meta-reflectarray with an azimuthally varied phase profile. The vortex beam generation is shown to have high efficiency over a wavelength range from 1500 to 1600 nm. The use of dielectric resonators in place of their plasmonic counterparts could pave the way for ultraefficient metasurface-based devices at high frequencies.

PMID:
24547692
DOI:
10.1021/nl4044482

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