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Mol Med Rep. 2014 Apr;9(4):1405-9. doi: 10.3892/mmr.2014.1942. Epub 2014 Feb 10.

Type II cGMP-dependent protein kinase inhibits ligand‑induced activation of EGFR in gastric cancer cells.

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Department of Physiology, School of Medical Science and Laboratory Medicine, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, P.R. China.


Our previous data demonstrated that type II cGMP‑dependent protein kinase (PKG II) inhibited epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced MAPK/ERK/JNK‑mediated signal transduction through inhibiting the phosphorylation/activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Since the EGFR also binds with several other ligands as well as EGF, the present study was designed to investigate whether PKG II inhibited transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α), betacellulin (BTC) and epiregulin (EPR) induced phosphorylation/activation of the EGFR and consequent MAPK/ERK‑mediated signaling. The human gastric cancer cell line AGS, was infected with adenoviral constructs encoding cDNA of PKG II (Ad-PKG II) to increase the expression of PKG II and was treated with 8-pCPT-cGMP to activate the kinase. Western blotting was applied to detect the phosphorylation of EGFR and MAPK/ERK. The results demonstrated that treatment with EGF (100 ng/ml, 5 min), TGF-α (100 ng/ml, 5 min), BTC (100 ng/ml, 5 min) and EPR (100 ng/ml, 5 min) increased the tyrosine (tyr) 1068 phosphorylation of the EGFR and the threonine (thr) 202/tyr 204 phosphorylation of MAPK/ERK. Infecting the cells with Ad-PKG II and stimulating the kinase with 8-pCPT-cGMP efficiently inhibited the phosphorylation of the EGFR and MAPK/ERK induced by EGF, TGF-α, BTC and EPR. The results indicated that PKG II also inhibits the activation of the EGFR caused by diverse ligands of the receptor.

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