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Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2014 Mar;30(1):157-75, vi. doi: 10.1016/j.cvfa.2013.11.002. Epub 2014 Jan 7.

Diseases of the tendons and tendon sheaths.

Author information

1
Vetsuisse-Faculty, Farm Animal Clinic, University of Bern, Bremgartenstrasse 109a, Bern 3012, Switzerland. Electronic address: adrian.steiner@vetsuisse.unibe.ch.
2
Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, 2407 River Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.
3
Département des sciences cliniques, Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200 Sicotte, St-Hyacinthe, Quebec J2S 7C6, Canada.

Abstract

Contracted flexor tendon leading to flexural deformity is a common congenital defect in cattle. Arthrogryposis is a congenital syndrome of persistent joint contracture that occurs frequently in Europe as a consequence of Schmallenberg virus infection of the dam. Spastic paresis has a hereditary component, and affected cattle should not be used for breeding purposes. The most common tendon avulsion involves the deep digital flexor tendon. Tendon disruptions may be successfully managed by tenorrhaphy and external coaptation or by external coaptation alone. Medical management alone is unlikely to be effective for purulent tenosynovitis.

KEYWORDS:

Cattle; Surgery; Symptoms; Tendon; Tenosynovitis; Treatment

PMID:
24534664
DOI:
10.1016/j.cvfa.2013.11.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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