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J Formos Med Assoc. 2014 Mar;113(3):191-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jfma.2014.01.003. Epub 2014 Feb 15.

Successful caspofungin treatment of persistent candidemia in extreme prematurity at 23 and 24 weeks' gestation.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, South Korea. Electronic address: iamgawon@hanmail.net.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, South Korea.

Abstract

Systemic fungal infection continues to be a major cause of mortality in extremely low-birth-weight premature infants. Amphotericin B has been recommended as the primary treatment; however, its use is limited due to drug-induced nephrotoxicity and amphotericin B-resistant candidemia. Caspofungin therapy was initiated in seven extremely premature infants at 23 and 24 weeks' gestation with persistent systemic candidiasis despite liposomal amphotericin B treatment. The gestational age was 23(+1)-24(+6) weeks, and birth weight was 530-825 g. Of the seven patients, the peripheral blood cultures of six patients were positive for Candida parapsilosis and one had positive culture for Candida albicans. The dosage of caspofungin was 2 mg/kg/day, and the mean treatment duration was 14 days. All of the persistent candidemia resolved on caspofungin therapy. There was no recurrent candidemia after discontinuing caspofungin. There were no adverse effects, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, anemia, or thrombocytopenia. Caspofungin successfully treated persistent candidemia in extremely premature infants at 23 and 24 weeks' gestational age.

KEYWORDS:

caspofungin; extremely low-birth weight; infant; liposomal amphotericin B

PMID:
24534016
DOI:
10.1016/j.jfma.2014.01.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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