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Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014 Jan;66(Suppl 1):334-40. doi: 10.1007/s12070-011-0317-4. Epub 2011 Nov 12.

Full Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery for Pituitary Adenoma-emphasized on Surgical Skill of Otolaryngologist.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology and Skull Base Surgery, The fifth affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Mei-hua East Road 52, Zhuhai, 51900 Guangdong China.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, The fifth affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Mei-hua East Road 52, Zhuhai, 51900 Guangdong China.
3
Otorhinolaryngology hospital of the first affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhongshan 2nd Road 58, Guangzhou, 510080 China.

Abstract

The purpose is to summarize the experience in full endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of pituitary adenoma in 28 patients by rhinologist, and introduce the surgical skill of otolaryngologist, especially skills and cautions when operating inside nose. We removed pituitary adenoma in 28 patients via entirely endoscopic transsphenoidal approach with the help of special-designed instruments; we performed the procedure bloodlessly within limited time. The skill emphasized bilateral nostrils and four hands technique which was as delicate as possible not to scratch nasal mucosa or injure nasal frame. The special instruments included curette with suction, monopolar electrotome and bipolar coagulation forceps with suction, powered surgical equipments (Diamond Bur, Irrigation Tubing for Blades and Burs for nasal endoscopic surgery). Among 28 patients, there were 16 total resections, 8 subtotal resections, 3 partial resections, and 1 only biopsy due to excessive bleeding and hard nature. Of 19 patients with preoperative visual impairment, 12 patients had postoperative improvement in visual acuity and visual field. All the procedures were finished within 60 to 90 min. Complications seldom occurred except transient diabetes insipidus, especially no nasal-related signs or complications but 1 had epistaxis. The full endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery is a promising approach for pituitary adenoma resection. Multidisciplinary collaboration will lead to optimal cure for the patients. New technique and special-designed instruments can facilitate greatly this procedure.

KEYWORDS:

Complication; Nasal endoscopy; Pituitary adenoma; Surgical skill

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