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Addict Behav. 2014 Apr;39(4):811-7. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.01.001. Epub 2014 Jan 18.

Alcohol-related problems and life satisfaction predict motivation to change among mandated college students.

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Auburn University, Department of Psychology, 226 Thach Hall, Auburn, AL 36849, United States.
Auburn University, Department of Psychology, 226 Thach Hall, Auburn, AL 36849, United States. Electronic address:


The present study investigated the role specific types of alcohol-related problems and life satisfaction play in predicting motivation to change alcohol use. Participants were 548 college students mandated to complete a brief intervention following an alcohol-related policy violation. Using hierarchical multiple regression, we tested for the presence of interaction and quadratic effects on baseline data collected prior to the intervention. A significant interaction indicated that the relationship between a respondent's personal consequences and his/her motivation to change differs depending upon the level of concurrent social consequences. Additionally quadratic effects for abuse/dependence symptoms and life satisfaction were found. The quadratic probes suggest that abuse/dependence symptoms and poor life satisfaction are both positively associated with motivation to change for a majority of the sample; however, the nature of these relationships changes for participants with more extreme scores. Results support the utility of using a multidimensional measure of alcohol related problems and assessing non-linear relationships when assessing predictors of motivation to change. The results also suggest that the best strategies for increasing motivation may vary depending on the types of alcohol-related problems and level of life satisfaction the student is experiencing and highlight potential directions for future research.


Alcohol; College students; Life satisfaction; Motivation to change

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