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Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2014 Jun;28:36-45. doi: 10.1016/j.ceb.2014.01.006. Epub 2014 Feb 13.

Traffic to the inner membrane of the nuclear envelope.

Author information

1
European Research Institute for the Biology of Ageing, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands; Netherlands Proteomics Centre, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
2
European Research Institute for the Biology of Ageing, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands.
3
European Research Institute for the Biology of Ageing, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands; Netherlands Proteomics Centre, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: l.m.veenhoff@rug.nl.

Abstract

Past research has yielded valuable insight into the mechanisms that regulate the nuclear transport of soluble molecules like transcription factors and mRNA. Much less is known about the mechanisms responsible for the transportation of membrane proteins to the inner membrane of the nuclear envelope. The key question is: does the facilitated transport of integral inner membrane proteins exist in the same way as it does for soluble proteins and, if so, what is it used for? Herein, we provide an overview of the current knowledge on traffic to the inner nuclear membrane, and make a case that: (a) known sorting signals and molecular mechanisms in membrane protein biogenesis, membrane protein traffic and nuclear transport are also relevant with respect to INM traffic; and (b) the interplay of the effects of these signals and molecular mechanisms is what determines the rates of traffic to the INM.

PMID:
24531277
DOI:
10.1016/j.ceb.2014.01.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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