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Cell. 2014 Feb 13;156(4):786-99. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2014.01.024.

Regulation of TORC1 in response to amino acid starvation via lysosomal recruitment of TSC2.

Author information

1
German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: k.dimitriadis@dkfz.de.
2
German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
3
German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: a.teleman@dkfz.de.

Abstract

TOR complex 1 (TORC1) is a potent anabolic regulator of cellular growth and metabolism. When cells have sufficient amino acids, TORC1 is active due to its lysosomal localization mediated via the Rag GTPases. Upon amino acid removal, the Rag GTPases release TORC1, causing it to become cytoplasmic and inactive. We show here that, upon amino acid removal, the Rag GTPases also recruit TSC2 to the lysosome, where it can act on Rheb. Only when both the Rag GTPases and Rheb are inactive is TORC1 fully released from the lysosome. Upon amino acid withdrawal, cells lacking TSC2 fail to completely release TORC1 from the lysosome, fail to completely inactivate TORC1, and fail to adjust physiologically to amino acid starvation. These data suggest that regulation of TSC2 subcellular localization may be a general mechanism to control its activity and place TSC2 in the amino-acid-sensing pathway to TORC1.

PMID:
24529380
PMCID:
PMC4346203
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2014.01.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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