Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Haematol. 2014 Jul;93(1):19-28. doi: 10.1111/ejh.12287. Epub 2014 Mar 7.

Similar outcomes of peripheral blood stem cells vs. bone marrow for human leukocyte antigen-matched unrelated donor transplantation in adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia using risk-adapted graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Hematology, Catholic Blood and Marrow Transplantation Center, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.



In unrelated donor allogeneic stem cell transplantation (URD-SCT), most studies reported that peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) resulted in higher incidence of acute and/or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) without survival benefits compared with bone marrow (BM). To overcome these shortcomings of PBSC, we have used a risk-adapted GVHD prophylaxis for patients that received HLA-matched URD-SCT, which was adding low-dose rabbit antithymocyte globulin (Thymoglobulin(®) , 1.25 mg/kg for 2 d) to conditioning in the transplants with PBSC and not BM.


To determine whether this strategy is effective, we analyzed 115 adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia who received HLA-matched URD-SCT with PBSC (n = 70) or BM (n = 45) using our risk-adapted GVHD prophylaxis strategy.


The PBSC group showed faster neutrophil (11 d vs. 13 d; P < 0.01) and platelet (12 d vs. 18 d; P < 0.01) engraftment compared with the BM group. No difference was observed in the incidence of acute GVHD grade II-IV at 100 d (54.3% vs. 64.4%; P = 0.38) and chronic GVHD at 4 yr (65.1% vs. 60.0%; P = 0.83). Other outcomes including the incidence of relapse (30.8% vs. 31.2%; P = 0.53), non-relapse mortality (13.5% vs. 6.9%; P = 0.24), disease-free survival (55.7% vs. 61.9%; P = 0.68), and overall survival (62.2% vs. 63.2%; P = 0.96) at 4 yr were not significantly different.


Our risk-adapted GVHD prophylaxis strategy resulted in similar transplant outcomes including comparable incidence of GVHD between the PBSC and BM groups in HLA-matched URD-SCT.


acute myeloid leukemia; rabbit antithymocyte globulin; stem cell source; unrelated allogeneic stem cell transplantation

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center