Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cancer Epidemiol. 2014;2014:170634. doi: 10.1155/2014/170634. Epub 2014 Jan 9.

Breast cancer pathology, receptor status, and patterns of metastasis in a rural appalachian population.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Mary Babb Randolph Cancer Center, Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University, P.O. Box 9238, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA ; Breast Cancer Research Program, Mary Babb Randolph Cancer Center, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.
2
West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.
3
Breast Cancer Research Program, Mary Babb Randolph Cancer Center, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.
4
Department of Pathology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.
5
Department of Statistics and Community Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.

Abstract

Breast cancer patients in rural Appalachia have a high prevalence of obesity and poverty, together with more triple-negative phenotypes. We reviewed clinical records for tumor receptor status and time to distant metastasis. Body mass index, tumor size, grade, nodal status, and receptor status were related to metastatic patterns. For 687 patients, 13.8% developed metastases to bone (n = 42) or visceral sites (n = 53). Metastases to viscera occurred within five years, a latent period which was shorter than that for bone (P = 0.042). More women with visceral metastasis presented with grade 3 tumors compared with the bone and nonmetastatic groups (P = 0.0002). There were 135/574 women (23.5%) with triple-negative breast cancer, who presented with lymph node involvement and visceral metastases (68.2% versus 24.3%; P = 0.033). Triple-negative tumors that metastasized to visceral sites were larger (P = 0.007). Developing a visceral metastasis within 10 years was higher among women with triple-negative tumors. Across all breast cancer receptor subtypes, the probability of remaining distant metastasis-free was greater for brain and liver than for lung. The excess risk of metastatic spread to visceral organs in triple-negative breast cancers, even in the absence of positive nodes, was combined with the burden of larger and more advanced tumors.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Hindawi Publishing Corporation Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center