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Brain Res. 1988 Mar 29;445(1):1-11.

Interactions of pyrethroids and octylguanidine with sodium channels of squid giant axons.

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Department of Veterinary Pharmacology, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Kinetics of pyrethroid-modified sodium channels and the interaction of N-octylguanidine with the modified channels have been studied with internally perfused and voltage-clamped squid giant axons. The pyrethroids used were 1R-cis-phenothrin; 1R-cis-permethrin; 1R-cis-cyphenothrin; and 1R-cis-deltamethrin. Modification of sodium channels by pyrethroids resulted in marked slowing of opening and closing kinetics. The rate at which sodium channels arrived at the open pyrethroid-modified state during a depolarizing step was independent of the concentration of pyrethroids applied. The time of exposure to pyrethroids required for the pyrethroid-induced sodium tail current following a step depolarization to reach a steady-state amplitude was independent of the frequency of short (5 ms) depolarizing pulses, and in the pronase-treated axons was independent of the membrane potential (0 mV or -90 mV). We conclude that sodium channels are modified by pyrethroids primarily in the closed resting state. A small fraction of sodium channels is modified in the open state. The dose-response curve for N-octylguanidine block of sodium channels was not shifted by pyrethroids. The rate at which the pyrethroid-modified sodium channels were blocked by octylguanidine during a depolarizing step depended neither on the concentration of pyrethroids nor on the depolarizing potential, but depended on the concentration of octylguanidine. The time course of the pyrethroid-induced slow sodium tail current was not altered by octylguanidine. We conclude that the actions of pyrethroids and N-octylguanidine on sodium channels are independent of each other.

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