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Mol Cell Biochem. 2014 Jun;391(1-2):117-25. doi: 10.1007/s11010-014-1993-7. Epub 2014 Feb 14.

MicroRNA-492 reverses high glucose-induced insulin resistance in HUVEC cells through targeting resistin.

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Cardiac Rehabilitation Center, Department of Rehabilitation, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Xiang-Ya Road 87, Changsha, 41008, Hunan, People's Republic of China.


The development of atherosclerosis (AS) is a multifactorial process, in which elevated plasma resistin (a key factor leading to insulin resistance) levels play an important role. Emerging evidence indicate that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in AS; However, the regulation and function of miRNAs in response to AS remain poorly understood. Our study analyzed the effects of miR-492 on insulin resistance, endothelial activation, and resistin expression in apoE knock-out mice and human umbilical vein endothelial cells after high-glucose treatment and miR-492 mimics transfection. We also investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms. Our results showed that high glucose stress induced a significant decrease in miR-492 expression, with a remarkable upregulation of resistin expression. We then identified resistin as a novel direct target of miR-492 using 3'-UTR luciferase reporter assay. Histopathologic examination demonstrated that upregulation of miR-492 attenuated endothelial cells migration and lipid accumulation induced by high glucose stress. Further investigation demonstrated that the upregulation of p-STAT3, SOCS, and P-selectin activation induced by high glucose stress was attenuated by upregulation of miR-492. Together, our findings indicate that miR-492 contributes to insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction induced by high glucose, via directly downregulating resistin expression, and involving STAT3 phosphorylation, SOCS, and P-selectin activation.

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