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Curr Opin Virol. 2014 Feb;4:15-23. doi: 10.1016/j.coviro.2013.11.001. Epub 2013 Dec 6.

Using the ferret model to study morbillivirus entry, spread, transmission and cross-species infection.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, 02118, USA.
2
Department of Viroscience, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Microbiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, 02118, USA; School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, The Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK. Electronic address: pduprex@bu.edu.

Abstract

Canine distemper virus (CDV) is an animal morbillivirus with a worldwide circulation that infects carnivores, including domestic dogs and an assortment of wildlife hosts. The development of reverse genetics systems for wild-type strains of CDV and the use of the resulting recombinant (r) viruses to infect ferrets by a natural route has shed new light on the temporal pathogenesis of distemper. Combining fluorescent protein expressing recombinant viruses and multimodal, macroscopic and microscopic imaging modalities has highlighted the differential role of the cellular receptors CD150 and PVRL4 in disease progression. This in turn has enabled pathways of viral spread, including multiple routes of entry into the central nervous system, to be mapped with unparalleled sensitivity.

PMID:
24525290
DOI:
10.1016/j.coviro.2013.11.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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