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Am J Surg. 2014 Apr;207(4):449-56. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.10.022. Epub 2014 Jan 17.

Multiple complications and short length of stay are associated with postoperative readmissions.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA.
2
Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA. Electronic address: kennedyg@surgery.wisc.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to characterize patients readmitted following inpatient general surgery procedures. We hypothesized that a decreased length of stay would increase risk for readmission.

METHODS:

We utilized our institutional National Surgical Quality Improvement Project database from 2006 to 2011. The main outcome of interest was 30-day readmission. Univariate and logistic regression analyses identified risk factors for readmission.

RESULTS:

We identified 3,556 patients, with 322 (9%) readmitted within 30 days after discharge. Multivariable analysis demonstrated age, dyspnea, and American Society of Anesthesiologists class to be independent risk factors for readmission. In addition, patients who suffered multiple complications had a decreased risk for readmission as length of stay increased. Patients with <2 postoperative complications had an increased risk for readmission as length of stay increased.

CONCLUSIONS:

Contributors to postoperative readmissions are multifactorial. Perioperative factors predict risk for readmission and may help determine a target length of stay. Prevention of postoperative complications may reduce readmission rates.

KEYWORDS:

General surgery; Postoperative; Readmission

PMID:
24524860
PMCID:
PMC4822702
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.10.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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