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FASEB J. 2014 May;28(5):2108-19. doi: 10.1096/fj.13-239277. Epub 2014 Feb 12.

1,25(OH)2 vitamin D3-dependent inhibition of platelet Ca2+ signaling and thrombus formation in klotho-deficient mice.

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2Department of Physiology, University of Tübingen, Gmelinstr. 5, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.


Platelets are activated by increased cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) following store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) accomplished by calcium-release-activated calcium (CRAC) channel moiety Orai1 and its regulator STIM1. In other cells, Ca(2+) transport is regulated by 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3]. 1,25(OH)2D3 formation is inhibited by klotho and excessive in klotho-deficient mice (kl/kl). The present study explored the effect of klotho deficiency on platelet Ca(2+) signaling and activation. Platelets and megakaryocytes isolated from WT and kl/kl-mice were analyzed by RT-PCR, Western blotting, confocal microscopy, Fura-2-fluorescence, patch clamp, flow cytometry, aggregometry, and flow chamber. STIM1/Orai1 transcript and protein levels, SOCE, agonist-induced [Ca(2+)]i increase, activation-dependent degranulation, integrin αIIbβ3 activation and aggregation, and thrombus formation were significantly blunted in kl/kl platelets (by 27-90%). STIM1/Orai1 transcript and protein levels, as well as CRAC currents, were significantly reduced in kl/kl megakaryocytes (by 38-73%) and 1,25(OH)2D3-treated WT megakaryocytes. Nuclear NF-κB subunit p50/p65 abundance was significantly reduced in kl/kl-megakaryocytes (by 51-76%). Transfection with p50/p65 significantly increased STIM1/Orai1 transcript and protein levels in megakaryocytic MEG-01 cells (by 46-97%). Low-vitamin D diet (LVD) of kl/kl mice normalized plasma 1,25(OH)2D3 concentration and function of platelets and megakaryocytes. Klotho deficiency inhibits platelet Ca(2+) signaling and activation, an effect at least partially due to 1,25(OH)2D3-dependent down-regulation of NF-κB activity and STIM1/Orai1 expression in megakaryocytes.


NF-κB; Orai1; SOCE; STIM1; megakaryocytes

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