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Oncol Lett. 2014 Mar;7(3):611-615. Epub 2014 Jan 9.

Role of motility-related protein-1 in promoting the development of several types of cancer (Review).

Author information

  • 1Department of Hematology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310016, P.R. China.
  • 2Biomedical Research Center and Key Laboratory of Biotherapy of Zhejiang Province, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310016, P.R. China.

Abstract

Motility-related protein-1 (CD9), a type of cell surface glycoprotein comprising a four-pass transmembrane domain that forms multimeric complexes with other cell surface proteins, belongs to the tetraspanins family. From previous studies, we know that CD9 is considered to function primarily as a progression and metastasis suppressor in a variety of cancers, including breast, non-small cell lung colon and myeloma. However, an expanding body of literature has shown the contradictory outcome that tetraspanin CD9 is also vital in promoting cancer progression in several types of cancer. This review summarizes the recent studies on CD9 and concludes that it does not always act as a progression and metastasis suppressor. Conversely, in specific cases, CD9 may promote tumor progression through the following three aspects: Facilitating tumor cell transmigration, increasing tumor cell motility and hastening the growth of some cancers. In addition, CD9 appears to be an important marker of cancer stem cells in certain types of tumor.

KEYWORDS:

CD9; cancer stem cell; cell motility; tumor metastasis

PMID:
24520284
PMCID:
PMC3919945
DOI:
10.3892/ol.2014.1786
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