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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 1988;26(2):95-100.

Transforming growth factor-beta inhibits the in vitro generation of lymphokine-activated killer cells and cytotoxic T cells.

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Division of Cancer Treatment, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892.


The effect(s) of purified transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) on the induction and function of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) was examined. The addition of TGF-beta, but not PDGF, to cultures containing fresh C57BL/6 mouse splenocytes or human peripheral blood lymphocytes plus recombinant interleukin-2 markedly inhibited the development of mouse and human LAK cell activity (measured after 3 days for cytotoxicity against cultured or fresh tumor targets in 4-h 51Cr release assays). The addition of TGF-beta, but not PDGF, to a one-way, C57BL/6 anti-DBA/2, mixed lymphocyte reaction effectively blocked the generation of allospecific CTL as well. However, TGF-beta did not inhibit the effector function of LAK cells or of allospecific CTL when added directly to the short-term cytolytic assay. A second form of homodimeric TGF-beta, type 2, was also found to be suppressive on the development of murine LAK cells and allospecific CTL. Collectively, these data demonstrate that the peptide TGF-beta is a potent inhibitor of LAK cell and CTL generation in vitro.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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