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Mol Neurobiol. 2014 Oct;50(2):290-304. doi: 10.1007/s12035-014-8642-8. Epub 2014 Feb 12.

SNAP25 ameliorates sensory deficit in rats with spinal cord transection.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Institute of Neurological Disease, Translation Neuroscience Center, The State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Spinal cord injury causes sensory loss below the level of lesion. Synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP25) is a t-SNARE protein essential for exocytosis and neurotransmitter release, but its role in sensory functional recovery has not been determined. The aim of the present study is therefore to investigate whether SNAP25 can promote sensory recovery. By 2D proteomics, we found a downregulation of SNAP25 and then constructed two lentiviral vectors, Lv-exSNAP25 and Lv-shSNAP25, which allows efficient and stable RNAi-mediated silencing of endogenous SNAP25. Overexpression of SNAP25 enhanced neurite outgrowth in vitro and behavior response to thermal and mechanical stimuli in vivo, while the silencing of SNAP25 had the opposite effect. These results suggest that SNAP25 plays a crucial role in sensory functional recovery following spinal cord injury (SCI). Our study therefore provides a novel target for the management of SCI for sensory dysfunction.

PMID:
24519330
DOI:
10.1007/s12035-014-8642-8
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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