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Toxins (Basel). 2014 Feb 10;6(2):608-23. doi: 10.3390/toxins6020608.

Deficient glutathione in the pathophysiology of mycotoxin-related illness.

Author information

1
Your Energy Systems, LLC 555 Bryant St. #305, Palo Alto, CA 94301, USA. drg@readisorb.com.
2
Environmental Medicine, 304 W, Los Olivos Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93105, USA. janettehopemd@yahoo.com.

Abstract

Evidence for the role of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of mycotoxin-related illness is increasing. The glutathione antioxidant and detoxification systems play a major role in the antioxidant function of cells. Exposure to mycotoxins in humans requires the production of glutathione on an "as needed" basis. Research suggests that mycotoxins can decrease the formation of glutathione due to decreased gene expression of the enzymes needed to form glutathione. Mycotoxin-related compromise of glutathione production can result in an excess of oxidative stress that leads to tissue damage and systemic illness. The review discusses the mechanisms by which mycotoxin-related deficiency of glutathione may lead to both acute and chronic illnesses.

PMID:
24517907
PMCID:
PMC3942754
DOI:
10.3390/toxins6020608
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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