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J Immunol. 1988 Apr 15;140(8):2585-8.

Inhibition of allergic reactions with monoclonal antibody to the high affinity IgE receptor.

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  • 1Laboratory of Microbiology and Immunology, National Institute of Dental Research, Bethesda, MD 20892.

Erratum in

  • J Immunol 1988 Jul 15;141(2):709.


A mAb that reacts with the high affinity IgE-R on the rat basophilic leukemia cells (RBL-2H3) was used to inhibit allergic reactions. In vitro, the intact mAb BA3 and its Fab fragment inhibited radiolabeled IgE binding to the RBL-2H3 cells. The mAb binds to the IgE-R with a higher affinity than does IgE. Whereas the intact mAb released histamine from the RBL-2H3 cells, the Fab was inactive. The addition of the Fab fragments to RBL-2H3 inhibited the IgE-mediated histamine release reaction. The Fab fragments also inhibited in vivo passive cutaneous reactions in rats when injected intradermally either before or after IgE. The injection of the mAb Fab i.v. before the injection of the IgE into the skin sites also inhibited reactions, although it was less effective. The results demonstrate that anti-R antibodies can be used as a model for inhibiting immediate hypersensitivity reactions.

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