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Cell Immunol. 1988 Apr 1;112(2):364-70.

Suppression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis by the oral administration of myelin basic protein.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus 43210.

Abstract

The oral administration of myelin basic protein (MBP) to Lewis rats prior to an encephalitogenic challenge resulted in total inhibition or a significant delay in the onset of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). In vitro lymphocyte proliferative responses to MBP were significantly decreased in MBP-fed rats when compared with vehicle-fed controls. Suppression of EAE and in vitro proliferative responses to MBP were observed to be antigen specific, since oral feeding of a control protein exerted no suppressive effect. Moreover, the specificity of MBP-induced oral tolerance was shown to be species specific, since feeding guinea pig MBP (GPMBP) or human MBP (HuMBP) induced protection only against a GPMBP or HuMBP challenge, respectively. Conversely, Lewis rats could not be orally tolerized to the self antigen rat MBP.

PMID:
2451570
DOI:
10.1016/0008-8749(88)90305-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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