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Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Aug;15(8):870-7. doi: 10.1093/ehjci/jeu009. Epub 2014 Feb 9.

Diagnostic value of coronary CT angiography in comparison with invasive coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound in patients with intermediate coronary artery stenosis: results from the prospective multicentre FIGURE-OUT (Functional Imaging criteria for GUiding REview of invasive coronary angiOgraphy, intravascular Ultrasound, and coronary computed Tomographic angiography) study.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
2
Department of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea bkkoo@snu.ac.kr bkk1214@gmail.com.
3
Department of Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center, Daegu, Korea.
4
Department of Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University Graduate School, Goyang, Korea.
5
Department of Imaging and Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
6
PGI Cikini Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Abstract

AIMS:

The anatomical criteria for the diagnosis of ischaemia referenced by fractional flow reserve (FFR) from non-invasive coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA), invasive coronary angiography (ICA), and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) have not been evaluated contemporarily in a large-scale study. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of CCTA compared with ICA and IVUS in patients with intermediate coronary stenosis.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

CCTA, ICA, IVUS, and FFR were performed in 181 coronary lesions with intermediate severity. Minimal lumen diameter (MLD) and per cent diameter stenosis (%DS) were determined by CCTA and ICA, whereas minimal lumen area (MLA) was determined by CCTA and IVUS. Inducible ischaemia was defined by FFR ≤ 0.80. Diagnostic performances from non-invasive and invasive methods were compared. FFR ≤ 0.80 was observed in 49 (27.1%) lesions. CCTA MLD was smaller than ICA MLD (1.3 ± 0.5 vs. 1.5 ± 0.4 mm, P < 0.001), CCTA %DS was higher than ICA %DS (54.0 ± 14.0 vs. 50.3 ± 12.8%, P < 0.001), and CCTA MLA was smaller than IVUS MLA (2.2 ± 1.2 vs. 3.2 ± 1.2 mm(2), P < 0.001). This trend was consistent irrespective of lesion location, lesion severity, and plaque characteristics. For the determination of ischaemia, diagnostic performance of CCTA %DS was lower than ICA %DS [area under the curve (AUC) 0.657 vs. 0.765, P = 0.04], and that of CCTA MLA was lower than IVUS MLA (AUC 0.712 vs. 0.801, P = 0.03).

CONCLUSION:

Anatomical criteria for the diagnosis of ischaemia-producing coronary stenosis differ by non-invasive and invasive methods. Compared with invasive methods, CCTA presents overestimation in assessing lesion severity and lower diagnostic performance in assessing ischaemia.

KEYWORDS:

coronary computed tomographic angiography; coronary disease; fractional flow reserve; intravascular ultrasound; myocardial ischaemia

PMID:
24513881
PMCID:
PMC4110885
DOI:
10.1093/ehjci/jeu009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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