Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2014 Mar-Apr;25(2):e11-26. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2013.12.001.

Cognitive functioning and driving simulator performance in middle-aged and older adults with HIV.

Abstract

Nearly half of people living with HIV experience cognitive deficits that may impact instrumental activities of daily living. As the number of people aging with HIV increases, concerns mount that disease-related cognitive deficits may be compounded by age-related deficits, which may further compromise everyday functions such as driving. In this cross-sectional pilot study, during a 2.5-hour visit, 26 middle-aged and older adults (40 + years) were administered demographic, health, psychosocial, and driving habits questionnaires; cognitive assessments; and driving simulator tests. Although CD4+ T lymphocyte count and viral load were unrelated to driving performance, older age was related to poorer driving. Furthermore, poorer visual speed of processing performance (i.e., useful field of view) was related to poorer driving performance (e.g., average gross reaction time). Mixed findings were observed between driving performance and cognitive function on self-reported driving habits of participants. Implications for these findings on nursing practice and research are posited.

KEYWORDS:

HIV; aging; driving; instrumental activities of daily living; neuropsychology

PMID:
24513104
PMCID:
PMC3939674
DOI:
10.1016/j.jana.2013.12.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center