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Acta Trop. 2014 Apr;132 Suppl:S170-7. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2013.09.023. Epub 2013 Oct 25.

Two step male release strategy using transgenic mosquito lines to control transmission of vector-borne diseases.

Author information

1
Departamento de Parasitologia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes 1374, São Paulo, SP 05508-000, Brazil; Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Entomologia Molecular - INCT-EM, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21.941-902, Brazil.
2
Polo d' Innovazione Genomica, Genetica e Biologia S.C.a.R.L. Edificio D, 4̂ piano Polo Unico di Medicina 'Santa Maria della Misericordiá, Loc. S. Andrea delle Fratte, 06132 Perugia, Italy.
3
Departamento de Parasitologia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes 1374, São Paulo, SP 05508-000, Brazil; Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Entomologia Molecular - INCT-EM, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21.941-902, Brazil. Electronic address: mcapurro@icb.usp.br.

Abstract

Mosquitoes are responsible for the transmission of pathogens that cause devastating human diseases such as malaria and dengue. The current increase in mean global temperature and changing sea level interfere with precipitation frequency and some other climatic conditions which, in general, influence the rate of development of insects and etiologic agents causing acceleration as the temperature rises. The most common strategy employed to combat target mosquito species is the Integrated Vector Management (IVM), which comprises the use of multiple activities and various approaches to preventing the spread of a vector in infested areas. IVM programmes are becoming ineffective; and the global scenario is threatening, requiring new interventions for vector control and surveillance. Not surprisingly, there is a growing need to find alternative methods to combat the mosquito vectors. The possibility of using transgenic mosquitoes to fight against those diseases has been discussed over the last two decades and this use of transgenic lines to suppress populations or to replace them is still under investigation through field and laboratory trials. As an alternative, the available transgenic strategies could be improved by coupling suppression and substitution strategies. The idea is to first release a suppression line to significantly reduce the wild population, and once the first objective is reached a second release using a substitution line could be then performed. Examples of targeting this approach against vectors of malaria and dengue are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Dengue; Malaria; Transgenic; Two step release; Vector control

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