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Pak J Biol Sci. 2013 Nov 1;16(21):1260-9.

Rapid identification of enterovirulent Escherichia coli strains using polymerase chain reaction from shrimp farms.

Author information

1
Fisheries and Marine Resource Technology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh.
2
Centre for Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediaton, University of South Australia, Australia.
3
Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute, Shrimp Research Station, Bangerhat, Bangladesh.
4
Department of Fisheries, Quality Assurance Office, Government of People's Republic of Bangladesh.

Abstract

Although, Escherichia coli is widely distributed in the environment, only a small percentage is pathogenic to humans. The most commonly encountered are those belonging to the Enterotoxigenic (ETEC), Enteroinvasive (EIEC), Enterohaemorrhagic (EHEC) and Enteropathogenic (EPEC) subtypes. Aquaculture premises specially shrimp farm in tropical and subtropical countries largely susceptive to different types of E. coli strains. With the PCR system, an attempt was taken to identify the virulent E. coli in a rapid basis from water, sediment and live shrimp from different shrimp farms established in the shrimp production areas of southwest part of Bangladesh. The target genes chosen for this investigation included the PhoA, a housekeeping gene in all E. coli and thereafter the virulent genes LT1, LT1 and ST1 of ETEC, the VT of EHEC and EAE of EPEC, which were amplified with the primers designed for their specific genes. The restriction enzyme conformation and the gel electrophoresis bands showed the presence of E. coli, among which ETEC and EPEC groups were present in the environmental and biological samples of shrimp farms, brings up into the human health concern. The sanitation conditions amid farm were also investigated to find the link of pathogenic E. coli, which came into the result of less infection if the farm maintains improved sanitation. This study has clearly urged the exigency of periodical quick check of virulent E. coli with the versatile PCR system from brood management to post-harvest handling of shrimp.

PMID:
24511733
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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