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Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:910812. doi: 10.1155/2014/910812. Epub 2014 Jan 8.

Facial vibrotactile stimulation activates the parasympathetic nervous system: study of salivary secretion, heart rate, pupillary reflex, and functional near-infrared spectroscopy activity.

Author information

1
Department of Dysphasia Rehabilitation, Nihon University of Dentistry, 1-8-13 Kanda-surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8310, Japan.
2
Department of 1st Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nihon University of Dentistry, 1-8-13 Kanda-surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8310, Japan.
3
Department of Physics, Nihon University of Dentistry, 1-8-13 Kanda-surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8310, Japan.

Abstract

We previously found that the greatest salivation response in healthy human subjects is produced by facial vibrotactile stimulation of 89 Hz frequency with 1.9 μ m amplitude (89 Hz-S), as reported by Hiraba et al. (2012, 20011, and 2008). We assessed relationships between the blood flow to brain via functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in the frontal cortex and autonomic parameters. We used the heart rate (HRV: heart rate variability analysis in RR intervals), pupil reflex, and salivation as parameters, but the interrelation between each parameter and fNIRS measures remains unknown. We were to investigate the relationship in response to established paradigms using simultaneously each parameter-fNIRS recording in healthy human subjects. Analysis of fNIRS was examined by a comparison of various values between before and after various stimuli (89 Hz-S, 114 Hz-S, listen to classic music, and "Ahh" vocalization). We confirmed that vibrotactile stimulation (89 Hz) of the parotid glands led to the greatest salivation, greatest increase in heart rate variability, and the most constricted pupils. Furthermore, there were almost no detectable differences between fNIRS during 89 Hz-S and fNIRS during listening to classical music of fans. Thus, vibrotactile stimulation of 89 Hz seems to evoke parasympathetic activity.

PMID:
24511550
PMCID:
PMC3910479
DOI:
10.1155/2014/910812
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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