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Diabetes Educ. 2014 Mar-Apr;40(2):202-13. doi: 10.1177/0145721714521020. Epub 2014 Feb 7.

The effects of a community-based, culturally tailored diabetes prevention intervention for high-risk adults of Mexican descent.

Author information

1
Deborah Vincent, FAANP, Associate Professor, University of Arizona College of Nursing, 1305 North Martin, PO Box 210203, Tucson, AZ 85721-0203, USA. dvincent@email.arizona.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This article reports the results of a community-based, culturally tailored diabetes prevention program for overweight Mexican American adults on weight loss, waist circumference, diet and physical activity self-efficacy, and diet behaviors.

METHODS:

The intervention used content from the Diabetes Prevention Program but culturally tailored the delivery methods into a community-based program for Spanish-speaking adults of Mexican descent. The design was a randomized controlled trial (N = 58) comparing the effects of a 5-month educational intervention with an attention control group. The primary study outcome was weight loss. Secondary outcomes included change in waist circumference, body mass index, diet self-efficacy, and physical activity self-efficacy.

RESULTS:

There were significant intervention effects for weight, waist circumference, body mass index, and diet self-efficacy, with the intervention group doing better than the control group. These effects did not change over time.

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings support the conclusion that a community-based, culturally tailored intervention is effective in reducing diabetes risk factors in a 5-month program.

PMID:
24510942
DOI:
10.1177/0145721714521020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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