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Res Nurs Health. 2014 Apr;37(2):98-106. doi: 10.1002/nur.21587. Epub 2014 Feb 9.

Self-compassion and risk behavior among people living with HIV/AIDS.

Author information

1
Department of Community Health Systems, UCSF School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA, 94143-0608.

Abstract

Sexual risk behavior and illicit drug use among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) contribute to poor health and onward transmission of HIV. The aim of this collaborative multi-site nursing research study was to explore the association between self-compassion and risk behaviors in PLWHA. As part of a larger project, nurse researchers in Canada, China, Namibia, Puerto Rico, Thailand and the US enrolled 1211 sexually active PLWHA using convenience sampling. The majority of the sample was male, middle-aged, and from the US. Illicit drug use was strongly associated with sexual risk behavior, but participants with higher self-compassion were less likely to report sexual risk behavior, even in the presence of illicit drug use. Self-compassion may be a novel area for behavioral intervention development for PLWHA.

KEYWORDS:

HIV/AIDS; International Nursing Network for HIV/AIDS Research; illicit drug use; nursing; self-compassion; sexual risk behavior

PMID:
24510757
PMCID:
PMC4158433
DOI:
10.1002/nur.21587
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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