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Anesthesiology. 2014 May;120(5):1262-74. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000000170.

Buprenorphine-naloxone therapy in pain management.

Author information

1
From the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York (K.Y.C.); and MGH Center for Translational Pain Research, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (L.C., J.M.).

Abstract

Buprenorphine-naloxone (bup/nal in 4:1 ratio; Suboxone; Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals Incorporation, Richmond, VA) is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for outpatient office-based addiction treatment. In the past few years, bup/nal has been increasingly prescribed off-label for chronic pain management. The current data suggest that bup/nal may provide pain relief in patients with chronic pain with opioid dependence or addiction. However, the unique pharmacological profile of bup/nal confers it to be a weak analgesic that is unlikely to provide adequate pain relief for patients without opioid dependence or addiction. Possible mechanisms of pain relief by bup/nal therapy in opioid-dependent patients with chronic pain may include reversal of opioid-induced hyperalgesia and improvement in opioid tolerance and addiction. Additional studies are needed to assess the implication of bup/nal therapy in clinical anesthesia and perioperative pain management.

PMID:
24509068
PMCID:
PMC3999180
DOI:
10.1097/ALN.0000000000000170
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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