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Clin Chim Acta. 1988 Jan 15;171(1):95-101.

3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase in human skin fibroblasts: study of its properties and deficient activity in 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria patients using a simple spectrophotometric method.

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Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


In this paper we studied the properties of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase (HMG-CoA lyase) in human skin fibroblasts. The enzyme was found to exhibit an absolute requirement for divalent cations such as magnesium. Furthermore, dithiothreitol was necessary for full activity. The enzyme was found to be maximally active at pH 9.25. When measured at this pH in the presence of magnesium and dithiothreitol enzyme activity was high enough to be determined by simple spectrophotometry by measuring the amounts of acetoacetate produced. The results obtained suggest that the large variation in the values reported in literature for the activity of HMG-CoA lyase in human skin fibroblasts is due to the fact that the enzyme shows little activity at pH values below 8.

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